Author Archives: hippy

Basic CPR Instructions

Basic CPR Instructions

cpr basic instructionsImagine for a moment that you’re walking down a city street and a man falls down in front of you.
He is not breathing and has no pulse. His wife is frantically shouting for someone to help him and someone to save his life. A speedy response by YOU with CPR will provide the necessary oxygen to keep him alive.

CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a powerful lifesaving technique that is used on people experiencing cardiac arrest. CPR allows you to literally pump the blood and breathe life into a person, so that YOU can keep someone alive until expert help arrives.


Remember this important CPR fundamental:

CPR replaces the basic functions of the heart and lungs by replicating the heartbeat (60-100 per minute) and the breath rate (4-6 per minute).

Please watch the video, because if you are prepared with even this basic level of CPR training you can dramatically save a life!

 Basic CPR is composed of two components:

  •  CHEST COMPRESSIONS – The CPR provider uses their hands to put rhythmic compressions into the chest wall, near the heart. Chest compressions massage the heart and replicate the function of the heart in pumping oxygen-rich blood to the brain.
  • ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION – The CPR provider does what a person’s unresponsive lungs cannot. The air you breathe into their lungs oxygenates the haemoglobin in the blood.


The main purpose of CPR is to sustain life until emergency services arrive to help. Doing CPR incorrectly is better than doing nothing at all.  Just keep doing it until help arrives.

And finally, book yourself into a First aid/CPR course and become proficient in all aspects of  first aid. You may never have a need use the training, but on the other hand you may need it to save a family members life.

By sharing this article you may also save a life.

What is Sleep Apnoea

What is Sleep Apnoea?

Sleep apnoeaSleep apnoea is a common condition in which a person stops breathing during sleep. Each night, thousands if not millions of people stop breathing, sometimes with potentially serious outcomes.

When you’re awake and breathe in, your muscles tense up and stop the throat from closing.

When you sleep your throat muscles relax and your throat collapses a little.

If your muscles relax too much, or your throat is very narrow to begin with, it can collapse even further. The air you breathe in becomes turbulent and produces a vibration in the throat tissues, creating the snoring sound. If your throat collapses even more, the lungs may not get enough oxygen and of course this is a very serious condition.

There are a number of different causes and aggravating factors for narrowing of the throat which worsens during sleep to cause snoring or obstructive sleep apnoea.

Mild throat narrowing will result in snoring, while more severe narrowing will lead to obstructive sleep apnoea.

Symptoms may include:

  • Snoring
  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Choking
  • Morning headache
  • Poor memory
  • Depression
  • Restless sleep
  • Bed wetting/passing urine at night
  • Breathlessness at night or day
  • Reduced libido
  • Heart burn

For more information on Sleep Apnoea  Click Here


Safety shoes and boots

Safety shoes and boots

bootsSome years ago I was demolishing a six foot high wall with a sledge hammer and one of the bricks fell from the top of the wall. I still find it hard to believe that I watched the brick fall and land on my foot. I was standing in such a way as to be unable to move my foot before the brick hit. Luckily for me I was wearing safety boots and the brick just bounced off.

 Safety shoes and boots can be a good friend

Back in the early 1980’s I had a pair of Australian Blundstone safety boots which were made of a beautiful soft leather. These boots were so comfortable I decided to wear them on a Trek in Nepal. I walked the Annapurna Circuit trek which is 300 Km and took 21 days. The boots stood up to the snow, ice and rocky trails of the trek, but I found them very tiring as they were relatively heavy with their metal toe caps. Incidentally, they have also been up Mt Apo (Philippines), Mt Merapi (Sumatra and Java) and some lesser slopes in the UK. I guess the point I’m trying to make is safety shoes and boots can be very comfortable and useful, you just need to choose a pair that suits.

Household Safety shoes and boots

The main problem with wearing  safety shoes and boots is that you need to put them on before they can protect you and this is fine when you are tackling a big job that will last all day. You simply put the boots on in the morning and take them off at the end of the day. However, when attempting other smaller jobs you need a shoe or boot that is fit for purpose and convenient to use.

So when choosing a safety shoes and boots for intermittent household duties you need to consider whether they will be easy to put on and off, as this helps when you may be constantly reentering the home, especially on a wet day.

In addition, you must also be happy to wear them mowing the lawn, operating power tools, climbing ladders, walking down the street, etc. If you are happy to be seen wearing them, then you’re more likely to use them. There are many styles to choose from, lace up boots and shoes, slip on elasticated sided boots, street shoes, training shoes, the list goes on.

 Safety shoes and boots on the Job

The types of safety shoes and boots required at work are usually dictated by the workplace requirements. Footwear must be chosen based on the hazards that are present such as chemicals, electricity, corrosive substances, etc. Assess the workplace and work activities for all the risks involved and liaise with the workplace management.

Safety shoes and boots production plants can be hazardous.

Buy A Safety Gift

What to buy for a Christmas present, or a birthday present or even Fathers Day? is a perennial question, but let me make a suggestion:

FIRESome years ago we received a fire extinguisher for a Christmas present, to be honest it really took us by surprise and we thought what a strange gift. But, it still hangs proudly just outside our kitchen area and it often reminds me of  the family member who gave us the thoughtful gift.

Fire blankets and fire extinguishers can be helpful in putting out a minor fire, they are not expensive and make great presents. In fact, safety items such as first aid kits, safety gloves and other protective items make great gifts as they are useful and convey a sense of care.

Too late to go to the shops, then take a look here at Safety Huddle Products




How to write mission statement

Write a mission statement today!

write mission statementA personal mission statement is intended to be a guide to living that can be referred to when difficult decisions need to be made. It will help align the intentions and decisions of a couple and also be a guiding beacon for the individual.

My wife and I have had a mission statement for about twenty years. When we’ve been confronted with a difficult decision we’ve only needed to take one look at our mission statement to decide on our course of action as the following story tells:

Many years ago a friend offered to give our three daughters a lift to school. We initially said yes, but later we realised that she did not have seat belts in the back of her car.

We knew it was going to be difficult to tell the friend that we would not allow our girls to travel with her. But, that evening my wife and I looked at our mission statement and there on top was written “We will always put the health and safety of the girls first” It wasn’t easy telling the friend, but it had to be done and we told her in full.

That was unfortunately the end of the friendship, but the girl’s safety came first.

How to write a mission statement

Creating a mission statement is quite simple. All you need to do is to write down a list of beliefs and intentions. Arrange them in order of priority, then sign at the bottom of the list. This will require a lot of interesting negotiations for a couple, but will be of terrific value for future decisions.

Signing the mission statement formalises the document and gives it the power it deserves.

The statement should then be displayed in a private place, where only you will see it, perhaps in your bedroom or bathroom.

The written statement is a dynamic guide and can be changed at any time to suit circumstances, if it’s a joint mission statement then both parties need to agree to the changes.

Here is an example of  a mission statement for an individual. Keep in mind that your mission statement can be as long or short as you need it to be, it can even be a simple one liner.

I shall always put my health and safety first.

I will walk for 30 minutes every day.

I will visit family once a month

I will take responsibility for my actions and I will not blame others.

I will stay within my budget.

I shall only drink on weekends and not to excess.

I shall treat others with respect.

Here is an example of a mission statement for a couple.

We will always put the children’s health and safety first.

We will look after each other in every way.

We will visit each others family once a week.

We will walk 30 minutes every day to stay fit.

We will stay within our budget.

We will treat others with respect.

The above are just examples use them only as a guide, write the statement in your own words, add pictures, create the statement in any form you wish.

Write the mission statement THEN SIGN AND DISPLAY IT!

Why hypnosis can cure social anxiety

hypnosisWhy do you think we have emotions? Wouldn’t live be simpler without them? Do we have emotions to give people something to talk about or to provide soap opera writers with script material?

Of course not. As with everything else in human makeup, emotions exist to keep us safe and alive and able to thrive.

Emotions motivate movement

Embedded in the word “emotion” is another word: “motion”. Emotions are there to make us move. Either towards something or away from it.

We all have deep basic needs – for warmth, security, love and connection and, of course, food and shelter. We have needs for status, significance, attention and to feel safe in our lives. We need stimulation, to exercise our creativity to learn and produce in the world. Some emotions drive us toward experiences that would help meet these needs and ensure our survival. And other emotions serve to drive us away from experiences or situations which, we feel, would prevent us meeting our essential needs.

But what happens when we get directed the wrong way by our feelings?

You are pulled towards social contact by your needs, and away from it by social anxiety

The “motion” in “emotion” has us moving either towards what we feel we need or away from what we feel we don’t want. Think lust, love, anger, greed, hunger – all feelings that motivate us towards an experience. And think about feelings that drive us away from something – fear, terror, disgust.

Hopefully, our emotions get it right and drive us toward what is good for us and away from what is bad for us. But sometimes they don’t.

The social phobic both wants and doesn’t want social contact. They are pulled and pushed in different directions by their feelings. If social contact was bad for us, it would be great to be terrified of social events because it would be life saving. But a socially anxious person instinctively knows they need social contact at the same time as fearing it; they are pulled and pushed at the same time by their emotions… tricky! And it gets worse.

We avoid what we fear – but also fear what we avoid

One problem is that the more you avoid something, the more the fear around it increases. It’s as if your “emotional brain” draws conclusions from your behaviour: “She’s avoiding this situation all the time, so it must be genuinely dangerous. So I’ll ramp up her fear of this situation even more to make sure she won’t go near it.”

On the other hand, people can switch off their fear around stuff they should fear simply because they have made themselves go towards it. I’m thinking of the old-time circus lion-tamer calmly putting his head in a lion’s mouth, and of those perennial favourites, the human cannonballs, getting themselves fired from a cannon. Not hobbies I’d recommend. The point is that even dangerous acts like these can start to feel “normal” to your emotional brain if you voluntarily and repeatedly do them (the “emotional brain” concludes “This must be safe, else why are we doing it?”).

So yes, we avoid what we fear, but we can also come to fear something just because we avoid it so much.

A number of approaches have been tried over the centuries to overcome the difficulties this presents. None are as successful as hypnotic therapy. Consider, for instance, what happens with “exposure therapy” and “cognitive therapy” in the context of dealing with fears like shyness and social anxiety.

Exposure therapy: A step too far?

The understanding that emotions are physical drivers away from or towards something is extensively used in exposure therapy. (1) This approach typically has you gradually having more and more contact with what scares you. So the spider phobic might on week one see a drawing of a spider, on week two see a photo of a spider, on week three see a toy spider, on week four touch the toy spider, week five has them seeing a movie of a spider and week six an actual live spider. This can be very effective if the person can be induced to remain calm through the gradual exposure (sometimes known as “systematic desensitisation”). (It would be easier and faster to use hypnosis and the rewind technique.)

The idea is that spiders need to start to feel a “normal” part of experience, and this is done through forcing oneself to go towards rather than away from; classic behavioural therapy, and probably what the lion-tamer did to get the nerve he needed…

Another kind of exposure therapy takes a less gradual approach and is known as “flooding”. Yikes! This might see the spider phobic being put straight in a room full of spiders, with the idea that fully experiencing your worst fear – and surviving it – will put an end to that fear.

So does it work?

Therapy for the therapy

Yes, it can work – provided the person undergoing the therapy is taught to relax deeply. But (you knew there was a “but”) I can’t tell you how many clients I’ve had to treat to help them recover from the effects of this kind of therapy when it’s gone wrong. These are the ones who didn’t get better, the ones who couldn’t get past the photo of the spider on week two, the ones who were deeply traumatised by being thrown in at the deep end of having to speak in front of a hundred people when they were still chronically shy.

There has to be, and fortunately is, another way.

The beauty of hypnosis when treating fears

Hypnosis, used sensibly, is the perfect way to expose someone in a safe and relaxed way to a situation they had been avoiding. As far as your emotional brain is concerned, if you have relaxed deeply and felt spontaneous at a party a few times while in hypnosis, this is a sufficiently strong indication that this situation is not dangerous, and that this kind of social event can now be “retagged” as something you can potentially go safely towards – before you’ve even been to an actual party. Someone who hasn’t left the house for years can “leave their house” in hypnosis and “experience it” before they go out the door in real life. The exposure therapy is fully within their own control, in sync with a relaxed mind and body.

When they then “do it for real”, it will already feel more familiar and therefore not as threatening. The previously dreaded social event may even, dare I say it, turn out to be relaxing and fun.

It’s important to understand here that we are talking about more than just what a person believes.

Feelings and thoughts can be at odds

You can fully believe something is good for you and still fearfully flee from it. You can fully believe something (or someone) is bad for you but still be emotionally driven towards it (or them). Cognitive approaches to dealing with fears often come unstuck over this, as fears aren’t driven so much by “faulty thinking” as by more primitive emotional conditioning geared towards survival. It is much easier to access, and modify, these primitive drivers through the use of hypnosis than through reasoning.

When we help someone with social phobia it’s generally obvious the phobia has gone the moment they open their eyes, because calm, disassociated hypnotic exposure to the previously feared trigger while feeling completely relaxed has transformed their response. They know it wasn’t “real” – but nonetheless a new positive blueprint for responding with calm and being in flow when in social situations has become established in their subconscious. Being socially relaxed is the new “normal”.

The new 10 steps to overcome social anxiety course, like all the ten steps courses, has a hypnotic download for each step of the way. This is partly because social skills can be developed and honed during hypnotic rehearsal but also because we want people to experience hypnotic “safe” social experiences before they go into these situations for real. In this way the horrible away from feelings of fear can gently be replaced with the happier toward feelings of pleasure and positive expectation when it comes to socializing and meeting new people.

Test Your Assumptions!

A small business owner friend of mine who is spending some time travelling around South East Asia sent me an interesting email just a few days ago. It really struck a chord and got me thinking as I’m often guilty of making assumptions when it comes to other peoples best interests.

It reads as follows:

ho_chi_minh_vietnam2“I arrived in Hanoi a few days ago, the mid-way point of my overland trip between Hong Kong and Bangkok. Yesterday I called around to my favourite little hole-in-the-wall travel agency to book a bus ticket to Laos.

This agency is run by a very tiny and very lovely Vietnamese lady named Wah. She gave me a good price for the ticket and we got to talking about her business. I found out that she works twelve hours a day, seven days a week. Her last day off was in February.

I went back to my hotel after to take a nap, but couldn’t stop thinking about Wah. There was an honest lady working her ass off and not getting much reward for it (she collected less than $3 commission for my ticket, and I was one of her only customers the whole day).

I began to wonder how I might be able to help her. Maybe leave her a big tip? Or perhaps I could help get the word out about her business? Would a glowing review on TripAdvisor do any good?

I had all these ideas running through my head… and then I realized that there was a really easy way to work out how best to help Wah.

I could go and ask her!

So I did. I went back to sit with her and a colleague for about twenty minutes and asked them all sorts of questions about the business and the difficulties they faced at work every day.

Through doing this, I quickly learned that my assumptions were wrong. I assumed Wah owned the business, but no, she was an employee, earning a steady wage regardless of how many tickets she sold each day.

Well, that changed pretty much everything. All the ideas I had for helping a small-business owner were suddenly out the window. I was glad I hadn’t acted on any of them before finding out more”.

So the lesson is this : Test your assumptions!

The quick and easy way to test your assumptions is to talk to the people you’re trying to help, whether they are family members, customers, work colleagues or tiny Vietnamese ladies …… Ask them questions and work out what they really want, rather than assuming you already know what’s best for them.


Wise up on the streets!

Maintain a high level of awareness and think about self-protection. A lot of the following precautions  are common sense, it’s just that we don’t use our common sense a lot around cities at night.

  • Plan your route in advance. Know where you are going and how to get there.
  • Avoid dark and isolated streets and shortcuts.
  • Familiarize yourself with your route so you know, for example, where there are large bushes or concealed entrances, and where your nearest points of help might be.
  • Always try to walk on the side of the road where you will be facing on-coming traffic if you suspect danger. This makes it more difficult for a vehicle to follow you closely.
  • Do not use earphones while travelling. You need the use of your hearing at all times.
  • Never accept a ride from a stranger, no matter how tempting it might seem.
  • If people are expecting you at your destination, let them know what time you expect to arrive, tell someone at home where you are going and how long you will be.
  • Walk assertively, and purposefully. Keep your head up, maintain a brisk and steady pace, and be aware of your surroundings. Try to look as if you know where you are going. Don’t daydream, get a move on.
  • Avoid walking alone at night in poorly lit, isolated streets and high crime areas. Ask a friend to join you, if possible.
  • Always carry emergency money for a phone call and, if possible, for a taxi. Never use these funds for anything else. Emergency numbers, such as the police, ambulance or fire departments can be called free from pay telephones.
  • Keep your mobile phone charged and make sure you have credit for calls.
  • At night, have your  keys ready between your thumb and index finger. This saves you from wasting time fumbling for it when you arrive at your door, and it can be used as a weapon in an emergency. It can be slashed across an attacker’s face.
  • When meeting a group of people for a social gathering or meeting, try to arrange a car pool or take a taxi together.
  • Keep a close watch on your purse and/or wallet and other personal possessions. Do not display large amounts of cash to a potential thief.
  • Be on the alert at all times. Do not forget to take precautions, even in familiar areas.
  • Avoid ‘digging’ for things in your purse or bag out-of-doors.
  • Try to keep shopping bags, etc. to a minimum so you have a hand free and more freedom of movement, in general. Consider using a backpack for carrying purchases.


By being assertive you communicate your wishes clearly, take initiative, make decisions and assume responsibility for your actions and control your life.

assertiveThe greatest advantage an attacker has is the element of surprise and the resultant freezing or passive response he expects from you. If you aren’t passive, you will surprise him and gain an advantage.

By being assertive in everyday life you are taking control and assuming confidence in a whole range of situations. You learn to value yourself and your judgement, and these lessons are invaluable when you are threatened. Attackers prey on vulnerable people who come across as ‘victims’. Assertive body language is an essential part of self-defense techniques…

Display your assertiveness

  • Erect, relaxed posture, with head and shoulders held straight. Do not stoop.
  • Confident march or walk. Do not shuffle your feet.
  • Balanced posture.
  • Relaxed facial expression and open eye contact. Look the person you are speaking to in the eye. If you can’t see the person you are speaking to, turn your head and body toward the sound of his voice.
  • Firm and controlled tone of voice.
  • Casual hand movements, with hands open and relaxed.
  • Maintenance of a comfortable distance between yourself and the other person.

Adopt an assertive attitude, and tell the world that you are:

  • Someone to be reckoned with.
  • Someone who knows your own mind.
  • Someone who will stand up for yourself.
  • Someone who will not bow to the wishes of others.
  • Someone who is not a potential victim.

Don’t Be Too Safe


It’s fairly easy to know if someone has become too safe.

Being too safe leads to a pretty mediocre life alleviated only by weekend binges.

They get up every morning and rush through a processed  breakfast. They spend eight hours in a job they’d rather not do and attend too many time wasting pointless meetings.

They spend each day looking forward to Friday. Come the weekend they find refuge in alcohol and spend all the money they earn to justify working all week.


Look out for the tell tale signs of being too safe:

  • Watching too much TV
  • Eating lots of processed food
  • Not reading books
  • Working in an unfulfilling job
  • Buying lots of useless toys
  • Not exercising regularly
  • Obsessed with celebrities
  • Lack of focus
  • Not offending anybody


Lets have a huddle

huddleSafety huddles are terrific ways to spread the word of safety and to involve all personnel, they have been used for many years in large industries particularly the mining and petrochemical industries and have statistically proven to reduce accidents. Even small consultancies can benefit from adopting the habit of convening short safety huddles.

Safety huddles are weekly safety meetings involving all personnel discussing a specific safety topic. A huddle should last for about 15 minutes and can incorporate multimedia presentations. Overly long huddles will only tire and bore the participants, particularly the larger groups.

It’s usual that a supervisor convenes the meeting and selected personnel take their turn in delivering a safety message or topic.

The ideal size for a safety huddle is 6 to 10 as this number of people allows each member to participate and to freely put forward their own ideas for discussion. 

Larger groups up to about 80 personnel can be used, but individuals will be less likely to play a part and offer their own ideas or views.

Safety huddles can be held to discuss the following:

  1. The possible hazards of a project or section of work that is about to commence.
  2. A recent accident or near miss. Discuss and develop strategies to avoid further occurrences.
  3. Safety rules and procedures that will help prevent accidents.
  4. Problems concerned with off the job safety such as electrical safety, storm safety, travel safety etc. 

The safety huddle convener should:

  1. Make a clear announcement of the time, place and reason for the huddle.
  2. Start on time.
  3. Quickly review any outstanding issues with the previous weeks huddle.
  4. Ensure the huddle stays on the subject matter.
  5. If in discussions future huddle topics arise then take note and arrange a huddle on that topic at a later date.
  6. Allow time for discussion and questions.